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Object Name Poster
Date 1819
Title For Philadelphia. Post Chaise & Old Union Line.
Description Printed broadside, black ink on paper, glued to a piece of cardboard. Engraved illustration of a horse-drawn carriage with male and female passengers, being pulled by 4 horses. Printed inscription above and below: "FOR / Philadelphia. / POST CHAISE & OLD UNION LINE. / A POST CHAISE / Leaves the Office every Day at 5 o'clock, A.M. via Staten / Island, and arrives in Philadelphia, the same evening, at 4 o'clock. / OLD UNION LINE, connected with Steam-Boats / NAUTILUS, BELLONA AND PHILADELPHIA. / This line leaves New-York every day, (Sundays excepted) at 11 o'clock, A.M. in the Vice- / President's superior Steam-Boat Nautilus, which will convey the passengers on board the fast / sailing and elegant Steam-Boat Bellona; passengers will dine on board the Bellona, arrive in / Brunswick between 3 and 4 o'clock, P.M. from thence in new and superior Chaises to Trenton, / where they will lodge, from thence to Bristol, where they will take the Steam-Boat Philadel- / phia, and arrive in Philadelphia at 10 o'clock, in season to take the Baltimore Union line of / Steam-Boats, which leaves Philadelphia every day at 12 o'clock. For seats in either the above / lines, apply at 145 Broadway, No. 5 Courtlandt-street, Steam-boat Hotel, corner of Market-/ field and Washington-streets, J. and C. Segoine [sic; Seguine], or to the Nautilus office, White-Hall-slip, and / to Capt. John Deforest, on board the Nautilus. / JAMES GUION, jun. / CALEB T. WARD, / Proprietors, N.Y. / ROBERT LETSOM, / Do. N. Brunswick. / JOS. I. THOMPSON, / JOHN JOLINE, / JOS. B. GROVER, / DAVID BRINTON. / Proprietors, / Philadelphia. / E. W. Mills, & W. B. Jaques, Agents for Proprietors. / Southwick & Pelsue, Printers, 9 Wall, corner Broad st. / JUNE 1, 1819 "
Acquisition Gift of Charles Gilbert Hine
Ownership and History A post chaise was a type of carriage used for relatively fast, long distance travel. Its team of horses would be changed at intervals along the route in order to keep its passengers moving quickly.

This advertisement offers two route options for travelers. The first, leaving New York at 5 a.m. and arriving in Philadelphia at 4 p.m. the same day, involved land travel across Staten Island. The second departed New York at 11 a.m. and arrived in Philadelphia the following day at noon; its passengers began their trip on the steam ferry Nautilus in New York and changed boats to board the Bellona on or near Staten Island.

The Nautilus was owned by Daniel D. Tompkins, who was Vice President of the United States at the time. The Bellona was owned by Thomas Gibbons and captained by Cornelius Vanderbilt. Steamboat routes like the one described in this advertisement were the topic of an influential law case, Gibbons v. Ogden; the Supreme Court in 1824 found monopolies on interstate waters to be unconstitutional, allowing for growing business opportunities in transportation.

Earliest Date 1819
Latest Date 1819
Maker Southwick & Pelsue
Material Paper
Subjects Ferries
Carriages & coaches
Ephemera
Lexicon Sub-category Advertising Medium
Associated People Ward, Caleb Tompkins
Catalog Number P05.0006
Support Acknowledgment Online Collections Database record made possible by the Efron family in memory of Dr. Meryl Efron, July 2016.
Legal Status Items represented here are from the collections of the Staten Island Historical Society. Materials reproduced for personal non-commercial use must credit the Staten Island Historical Society. Commercial licensing is available.